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Bow

The bow’s purpose is to generate sound from a string instrument by being pulled along the strings or striking against them. A bow consists of a stick of hardwood ‑‑ traditionally pernambuco, brazilwood or amourette, although in modern times the stick might also be made of …

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Back

The underside of a stringed instrument is its back. It is connected to the top of the instrument by means of ribs and share the same curvature as the top. The back is one solid piece (or two halves fitted together to a solid whole) unlike …

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Button

The “button” is the amusing name given to the handle on the screw used to tighten the hair on a bow. In top-quality bows, it often has many parts; for example, it may consist of pieces of ebony and metal rings, and it commonly features a …

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Bass bar

The bass bar is a strip of wood glued to the inside of the top of a string instrument. It plays a major part in its stability and its resonant properties. The bass bar is positioned along the length of the corpus (i.e., parallel to the …

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Bushing

Bushing is a repair to the peg box in which new peg holes are drilled. This procedure is necessary if the old peg holes have grown too wide or their position has to be changed. The process of bushing begins with closing the peg holes by …

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Up bow

The up bow is the stroke in which the player moves the arm from right to left, i.e. from the tip to the frog. Its opposite is known as the down bow. Among violin-family instruments, the up bow is most commonly used for unaccented beats such …

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Grafting

Grafting is a complicated repair in which the neck of a string instrument is replaced, but the peg box and scroll remain in place and are integrated into the new neck. Many older violins have grafted necks: some are repairs from previous damage, and some are …

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Down bow

A down bow is the movement in which the bow is moved to the player’s right, i.e. pulling from the frog towards the tip. As the name suggests, an up bow is the stroke in the opposite direction. For instruments in the violin family, the down …

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